Ancient Places in Rome

Ancient Places in Rome

Ancient Places in Rome here are the top ancient Roman sites that you can visit in Rome, Italy. Roman Emperor Augustus declared: “I found Rome a brick city and left a marble city.”

1. The Roman Forum

The roman forum is one of ancient places in Rome. This was an ancient Roman emotional center, a gathering place where rulers and rulers celebrated their victories and spoils of war with their captives bound, where great speakers such as Cicero attacked the courts, where Mark Antony made his famous speech after the assassination of Caesar.

The Via Sacra (Holy Way) paved stone is still in operation and archaeologists have unearthed the foundations of many of the Republic’s most important architecture and State.

As you enter, to the right are remnants of the Basilica Aemilia dating from 179 bc. In Rome the church house was a public building used for business, as a court of law, and as a meeting place where the cool marble halls provided a welcome relief from the scorching heat of the summer sun. The foundation system later became the model for the construction of the first great Christian churches.
ancient places in rome
Nearby stands the Curia, or Senate. The modern architecture dates back to a third-century ad, but legend has it that the original Curia was founded in this area by Tullius Hostilius, one of the earliest Roman Emperors. Curia was used as a church for many centuries until it was restored in the 1930s, which is preserved. The triumphal arch of Septimius Severus north of the Forum was built by the Emperor in the year 203. A small arch stands on the other side of the Forum – built by Emperor Titus to celebrate his capture of Jerusalem.

In the center of the Forum stood a small section of a small white marble temple that was one of the most important temples of the Roman religion. It was dedicated to the worship of holy fire that symbolized the continuation of the Roman Empire. The fire of the goddess Vesta was kept burning by six priests known as Vestal Virgins who lived a cloistered but privileged life near the Temple at Atrium Vestae (House of Vestal); Near the courtyard stands the foundations of Head Vestals photographs from the 3rd to 4th century advertisements. The center survived a few decades after the introduction of Christianity as the official religion of the State.

2. The Colosseum

The Colosseum is one of ancient places in Rome. The ruins of this magnificent structure are one of Rome’s most famous landmarks, although its present form differs from its former beauty. At first the whole building was made of travertine, a local target, but over the centuries this was plundered for use elsewhere.

What we see today is a beautiful ruin – the preservation of cats and wildflowers – tied to a high curtain wall in four sections and with a large hole in its center.

There were 80 arch doors to the building: 76 public, two Emperor teams and two gladiators. Finally, one was made for the survivors to return to their place of residence, while the other – named after Litibina, the goddess of death – was used to exhume the bodies of the conquered. Inside were three main spaces: a hole, a stadium, and a hall. Oval in plan, the ‘pit’ was once covered at the bottom of the stadium and is the rest of the labyrinthine undercroft of the building (Colosseum Underground) where wildlife and prisoners were housed.

Built by Emperor Vespasian in AD 72, at the site of a melting pot in the courtyard of Nero’s palace, the Colosseum could hold 55,000 spectators and was the site of Roman theaters and martial arts. The stadium was packed with wildlife: when fighting animals it was planted with trees and scattered with stones, and in the naumachiae it could be flooded to create a ‘sea’ in which wars could be fought between opposing ‘vigilantes’. The fact was that, if a place was needed for a particular game, say, the burning of Hercules at the funeral home, the prisoner took part and was burned alive. Opening hours of the Colosseum: 08:30 am 7:15 pm

3. Pantheon

Pantheon is one of ancient places in Rome. From Piazza Minerva one goes to the nearby Piazza della Rotonda, where the Pantheon stands, one of the most famous monuments of Roman art. The name suggests that this was a temple dedicated to all the gods. It was composed by Marcus Agrippa, as can be seen from the accompanying inscription, but was modified in the time of Hadrian. It is an example of Roman art in the Hellenistic style, in the true sense of the architecture, as can be seen in the various architectural elements and atmosphere that pervade the whole building. The exterior is seen as a large circular mass, with pronaos at the front, resting on the columns and dominated by a large cage. The interior is a circular shape and dome, thus creating a clear, circular space, at the same time closed and majestic. The interior gets light by opening one in the middle of the dome efasizing the combined decoration and above all creates a bright effect that emphasizes the combination of all the elements.

Ancient Places in Rome
In Christian times, the Pantheon became a church, which no doubt contributed to its preservation until our day. There are many works of art found in the interior churches, and in addition the tombs of important Italian historical and artistic personalities, among them Rafael.

4. Victoria City and Museums

Victoria City and Museums is another one of popular ancient places in Rome. The Vatican government, one of the smallest in the world, is unique in that it is the spiritual center of the Roman Catholic religion. It emerged as an independent, independent State of Italy, on February 11, 1929, as a result of the end of the Latean Pact. Its history, however, goes back to Emperor Constantine, who wished that the first Christian Basilica was built in the area where St. Peter met his death, and where many Christians were persecuted. Since then, events associated with the Vatican have been closely linked to the Pope’s history.

5. Castel Sant’Angelo

Castel Sant’Angelo is another one of ancient places in Rome. Castel Sant’Angelo (also known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian) dates back to the dynasty, in the second century AD, and would serve as the tomb of Emperor Hadrian.

Castel Sant'Angelo
Emperor Aurelian made it a fortress and attached it to walls to protect the city. Castel Sant’Angelo has been closely associated with Roman history; many important people were imprisoned here, and it became a refuge for the Pope and the emperors. Only in this century has it been completely restored, and it now has a museum with collections of weapons and inscriptions focusing on the history of the Castle itself, its construction and restoration.

All the rooms that can be visited, from prisons to papal houses and the many beautiful halls with their beautiful ornaments, are all connected by remarkable historical events or important figures.

6. Circus Maximus

Circus Maximus is another one of ancient places in Rome. The oldest and most modern Circus Maximus (dating to about 326 BC) can hold 300,000 spectators in chariot races. The stands, on the sides of the Aventine and Palatine hills, are lined with two long rows of sand.

The state coffin was on a Palatine slope with standard seats at the bottom, senators at the top, types under wooden chairs below and a hoi polloi at the bottom. Dividing the length of the track, but leaving enough space on either side for the carts to make their mm, was the spin on which the obelisk (now Piazza del Popolo) was located, pictures, seven wooden eggs and seven dolphins. Chariots run around the spine, removing the egg or position of the dolphin each time the pumpkin is finished.

7. Royal Courts

Royal Courts is another popular one ancient places in Rome. Many rulers sided with their predecessors in their desire to leave a lasting impression on their wealth and power. Augustus claimed to have found Rome made of bricks and left it marble – not boastful of public buildings. Caesar, Augustus, Vespasian, Nerva, and Trajan all built vast territories or France in the northwest of the first Fork Romano. The site of this Imperial Fora is divided into a triumphal process developed by Mussolini, the Via dei Fori Imperiali.

Augustus Forum: lies to the right of the Via dei Fori Imperiali from Colosseo to Piazza Venezia, and can be identified by a large tufa wall separating the full and noisy quarter of the ancient city of Suburra. The large columns of Corinth are all left in the temple of Mars the Avenger built by Augustus to commemorate his victory over the murderers of Caesar at the battle of Philippi in 42 BC.

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi: The Knights of St John’s palace in Jerusalem was reduced to rubble in the 12th century and was later restored by the Cardinal of the Restoration. It can be visited with the same entry ticket and provide an unforgettable view throughout the Forward Imperiali. On the ground floor, one of Augustus’ planks is now a church.

Caesar’s Forum: Foro di Cesare lies on the left side of the Via dei Fori Imperial ascent to Piazza Venezia. About a quarter of the site has been excavated but you can see the remains of the temple of Venus, and next to the bronze production of the first marble statue of the Roman Dictator to be seen at the Musei Capitolini. The dreaded Mamertine prison, where the ancient Romans strangled, decapitated, and starved their enemies to death. St. Peter spent part of his imprisonment here and the nearby church S. Pietro in carcere (St Peter prison); commemorating the event.

The Nerva Forum was formed southeast of Foro di Augusto. A little is left except for the two great Corinthian columns known as colonacce and the base of the Minerva Temple that has remained standing until recently. It was completed by Pope Paul V in the early 17th century to build his grand fountain Acqua Paola in Gianicolo.

8. Palatine Hill

Palatine Hill is another popular one ancient places in Rome. Log in via Foro Romano via Via dei Fori Imperiali. Palatino, one of the first seven hills to be inhabited from prehistoric times. In the days of the republic it became something equal to what we might call a smart place to live; it was later taken over by the Kings through its settlements. After Decline and Fall moved in, part of the Palatino became a joy garden for the Farnese family. Vineyards and vegetable gardens are fed between the ruins. It is now almost the only part of central Rome that gives you a glimpse of the durability of the city that lasted for centuries until the present collapse began to swallow the past.

The general theory of Palatino is far more important than its details of archeology that is difficult for the average person to comprehend. Palatino can easily create a theme for a different visit from Foro Romano but if you can set aside time for a single visit, at least go up to see a different view of Foro from the northeast corner of the hill. This is not far from the point where the mythical wolf had to suckle Romulus and Remus. In ancient times the sanctuary was marked by this place. In modern times a wolf’s wolf was kept in a cage but someone forgot to feed it. The cage is now empty for many years.

Tiberius was the first emperor to build his palace in Palatino. The ruins of Domitian’s remains are one of the largest archaeological sites. Includes Domitian’s private stadium and dining rooms. Sepimius Severus built baths and palaces here. There is a beautiful view that can be found in the ruins of the former Imperial box overlooking the Circus Maximus race. Try to visualize the area below the Emperor dressed as it coincides with the day of the busy chariot races. If you find this difficult, fill in the details with a book called The Daily Life in Ancient Rome by Jerome Carcopino, former director of the French Academy in Rome, which provides a rich and detailed picture of what life should have been like in the ancient city.

Before leaving Palatino do not fail to visit Casa di Livia (House of Livia) to see beautiful examples of interior decoration of the Roman house. The contrast between the delicate fresco painting and the large surrounding ruins cannot be overstated. If Augustus and his Empress did not live in this house, this was a way of decorating with which they were acquainted.

9. Baths in Caracalla

Baths in Caracalla is another most popular one ancient places in Rome. Caracalla Baths One of Rome’s greatest contributions to civilization was the construction of public baths. These settlements were built during the reign of Emperor Caracalla between 212-17 and lasted for about 300 years until the invading Gothic cut through the canals.

More than 1,500 simultaneous swimmers can enjoy the ancient equivalent of a Turkish bath, sauna and hot tub. The baths were adorned with rich marbles – later looted by the Farnese family.
Ancient Places in Rome
Two large granite tubes from the bathtub today form the base of the fountain in front of the Palazzo Farnese. There were gymnasiums and baths, and the building was provided by an army for bathing slaves.

There were libraries, art galleries and bath gardens for relaxing after passing Gazetteer 93 via calidarium, tapidarium and access to thcfrigidarium, a pool of cold water. In the summer open air opera plays take place in the ruins. The stage was built over the ruins of the former calidarium. The oldest opera you will see here is Verdi’s Aida with hundreds of supporters of horses, chariots and sometimes elephants and camels. Read more

10. Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona is most popular one ancient places in Rome. Perhaps best known for its Roman piazzas, it has its own magnificent circular shape in the original Circus Agonalis or a theater built by Emperor Domitian. The name Navona is a Latin pronoun with Agona. Some ruins of this stadium are still visible in the archives. Drink enacoteca (wine shop) in Piazza and ask to visit their warehouses.

There are also the ruins of the Via del Circo Agonale, in the middle of the square on the right. Throughout its long history, Piazza Navona has been the scene of intense sporting power, medieval competitions, water festivals (flooding the once clustered area) and trips to the scene of the murder of a widow in St Agnese; his ruling church on the left side of the Piazza. And it was a show of beautiful women and their respect, a fruit and vegetable market and a Christmas show that has now become a commercial holiday. Hippies and drugs are now meeting in the marketplace. The magnificent Fontana dei Fiumi (Source of Rivers) 1651 by the making of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

The rivers represented by the Nile (its covered surface, indicating the unknown source of the river where the well was built) were the Ganges, the Danube, and the Plate. The sculptures of a lion, a palm tree, a horse, and various flowers are worth seeing.

Fontana del Moro (Source of Morors) south of the piazza was inscribed by Giacomo della Porta in 1575, but the average Moorish figure was added by Bernini in the following century. Fontana del Nettuno (Neptune Fountain) north of Piazza was completed only in 1878. The ban on cars has added to the excitement of Piazza.

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